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Home Papers Categories International Cooperation

International Cooperation

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The Schroeder Institute in Uzbekistan: Breeding and Germplasm Collections The Schroeder Institute in Uzbekistan: Breeding and Germplasm Collections

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Date added: 03/07/2008
Date modified: 03/17/2008
Filesize: 219.78 kB
Downloads: 3723

Additional index words

germplasm, apples, walnuts, peach, grapes, plums, almonds, apricots, pistachios, breeding

Introduction

Central Asia was largely isolated from the western world from the early 1800s until 1991, when the former Soviet Union was dissolved. During this time, many research institutions were established to work on economically important crop species and to amass large and unique germplasm collections, including the Uzbek Scientific Research Institute of Plant Industry (former branch of VIR) and Uzbek Scientific Research Institute of Cotton Breeding and Seed Production.

Survey of Hazelnut Germplasm from Russia and Crimea for Response to Eastern Filbert Blight Survey of Hazelnut Germplasm from Russia and Crimea for Response to Eastern Filbert Blight

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Date added: 03/07/2008
Date modified: 03/25/2008
Filesize: 80.21 kB
Downloads: 1449

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Corylus avellana, Anisogramma anomala, hazelnut breeding, disease
resistance

Abstract

Six hundred five hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) seedlings from a diverse germplasm collection made in the Russian Federation and the Crimean peninsula of the Ukraine were inoculated with the eastern filbert blight (EFB) pathogen Anisogramma anomala (Peck) E. Mu¨ ller and their responses evaluated. Responses were rated on a scale of 0 to 5, in which 0 represents no sign of EFB and 5 represents all branches exhibiting cankers. At final evaluation, eight seedlings showed no signs of the pathogen or symptoms of the disease. Five additional seedlings expressed only very minor signs of the pathogen (rating = 1). The remainder ranged in disease expression from moderately to severely infected to dead with 89.7% (470 of 524) of the surviving seedlings rating 4 or 5. Of the 13 apparently resistant seedlings (rating 0 or 1), seven originated from nuts purchased from roadside vendors near Simferopol, Crimea, Ukraine; five from nuts purchased at an outdoor market near Krasnodar, Russia; and one from nuts obtained from the hazelnut breeding program of the Nikita Botanical Gardens, Yalta, Crimea, Ukraine. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers generated by the primers UBC 152800 and OP AA12850, which are tightly linked to the single dominant resistance gene ‘Gasaway’, were not present in all 13 resistant seedlings, providing support, along with their geographic origins, that they represent novel sources of genetic resistance to EFB.

Plant Genetic Resources and Scientific Activities of the Uzbek Research Institute of Plant Industry Plant Genetic Resources and Scientific Activities of the Uzbek Research Institute of Plant Industry

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Date added: 03/07/2008
Date modified: 01/07/2010
Filesize: 3.35 MB
Downloads: 2330

Additional index words

germplasm collection, breeding, cotton, cereal, fruit, melon, vegetable

Introduction

The Uzbek Research Institute of Plant Industry, located in Tashkent Province of the Republic of Uzbekistan, was established in 1924 by the renowned Russian plant collector and geneticist Nikolai I. Vavilov (1887-1943).  As director of the extensive Leningrad Institute of Applied Botany, Plant Genetics, and Breeding, Vavilov recognized that Central Asia was an important center of origin of many crop sepcies and subsequently developed the Central Asian Branch of the institute. 

Persian Walnuts in Central Asia Persian Walnuts in Central Asia

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Date added: 11/14/2011
Date modified: 11/14/2011
Filesize: 3.56 MB
Downloads: 13686

Genetic Resources of Temperate and Subtropical Fruit and Nut Species at the Nikita Botanical Gardens Genetic Resources of Temperate and Subtropical Fruit and Nut Species at the Nikita Botanical Gardens

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Date added: 03/07/2008
Date modified: 03/17/2008
Filesize: 385.41 kB
Downloads: 2044

Additional index words

germplasm, breeding, peach, pear, plum, apricot, nuts 

Abstract

The Nikita Botanical Gardens (NBG), established in 1812, is the oldest botanical garden in the former Soviet Union. The NBG belongs to the Ukraine Academy of Agrarian Sciences and acts as a comprehensive scientific research institute, botanical garden, and tourist attraction. The core botanical garden is located near Yalta, on the Black Sea coast of the Crimean peninsula (Fig. 1). The NBG also has branch research stations within the Crimean peninsula and in the steppes o fthe Kherson oblast (oblast is synonymous with province).

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